While pigeons are considered disease-resistant birds in general, and few are transmitted to humans, the Director-General of the Livestock Department at the Ministry of Environment, Water and Agriculture Dr. Ibrahim Qasim emphasized that there are viral pathogens that transmit diseases to humans from pigeons, the most important of which is the Newcastle virus, and bacteria such as salmonella and chlamydia fever. , And fungi such as the fungus cryptococcus, in addition to the possibility of an allergic reaction in the airways of some people who are exposed to feathers.
Dr. Ibrahim said: Most of these diseases are of little danger to human health and may pass without notice, and a spontaneous cure occurs, such as Newcastle disease, and some of them may cause disease symptoms on humans, and the doctor must be consulted to take appropriate treatment measures according to each case, such as salmonella and chlamydia.
Qasim stated that diseases are transmitted from the bathroom to the human being, especially when direct contact with a sick pigeon, as in cases of examining the bathroom, taking care of it, as well as being in sheds without taking precautionary measures in the daily dealings with the pigeons and also in cases of cleaning bathroom sheds contaminated with diseases.
Means of prevention:
On the means of preventing the transmission of pigeon diseases to humans, Qasim stated that it is divided into two parts: First: working to protect pigeons from diseases, including vaccinating birds preventively against common diseases, taking care of birds and providing clean water and healthy food for them, and paying attention to the cleanliness of the bird’s environment and cages, in addition to controlling vectors. Diseases such as rodents in the bird environment, and the health status of birds is monitored constantly and examined by specialists
The second section of preventive measures is to take the necessary precautions when dealing with the pigeons, by wearing gloves and a muzzle when cleaning the pigeons’ housing, feeding them, and also when catching a dead bird, washing hands thoroughly with soap after dealing with birds or their belongings, and not putting anything related to birds. In the human mouth when dealing with birds, not feeding birds with the human mouth, especially pigeons, wearing gloves and a muzzle when slaughtering and cleaning birds and sanitary disposal of their remains, and working to prevent friction or access to food intended for humans.
Dr. Ibrahim gave some important advice in raising pigeons, most notably: choosing a zaghalil that is large, strong and vibrant, with a strong and non-sick strain, taking into account the directions of the building and the quantity of spouses inside the nest, setting up follow-up records by placing pilgrims on each bird to know its production, and carrying out preventive programs against worms and giving vaccines against Pigeon diseases, taking into account regular cleaning, disinfection and spraying with insecticides, choosing birds with a high-yielding hatchability, and for the bird to remain productive for years, and for the male and female to be close in size and age, and choose whisks that accommodate the size and type of the breed
Some of the wrong practices in raising pigeons:
1- Failure to provide adequate housing for education.
2- Failure to put stripes and troughs in the appropriate quantity in proportion to the existing number.
3- The size of the barn is larger or smaller than the existing number.
4- Not to install cages, numbers, and records for education
5- Lack of interest in the cleanliness of the barn.
6- Not setting up a periodic preventive program for disinfection against internal and external microbes and parasites.
7- Not to set up a rodent control program.
8- Open visits and anyone entering any barn.
9- Not setting up preventive programs against diseases by using veterinary vaccines.
10- Not choosing the right food for the bathroom.