The head of the Human Rights Commission, Dr. Awwad Al-Awwad, revealed that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has approved more than 90 human rights reforms, including 30 human rights reforms directly related to women’s and family rights, stressing that there has been a significant decrease in reports of violence and issues of divorce, custody and alimony.
During his speech at the first session of the Saudi Family Forum 2021, Al-Awwad stressed, “There are several programs to support the family, such as the program for people with disabilities, women and the elderly. We worked hard for violence centers to meet their requirements with the relevant authorities.” The Secretary-General of the Family Affairs Council, Dr. Hala Al-Tuwaijri, indicated in a statement that the Council worked, through partnership with a number of authorities, on many steps, including family counseling, expanding support for the first 1,000 days of a child’s life, and taking into account the child’s best interest in all procedures and legislation. In addition to supporting the comprehensive view of women’s empowerment, including her role in the family and her role in the economy.
Al-Tuwaijri pointed out that the next is the comprehensive national strategy for the family, which is based on clear pillars that cover all the needs of the family, and like every strategy concerned with implementing these steps with clear goals, performance indicators and initiatives that are implemented by many parties. She added: “The Saudi Family Forum 2021 is to benefit from experts and specialists to support this stage to monitor challenges and empower the family and shed light on the sustainable development of the family in accordance with Vision 2030, as the family is the first incubator for cultural identity and human capital development.”
Women’s rights in the justice systems:
1. A woman has the right to veil herself or to leave the house to be searched if she is not accused.
2. If there is only the accused woman in the dwelling to be searched, the system requires that a woman be with those conducting the search.
3. Executive detention of a woman is not permissible if she is pregnant or has had a child less than two years old.
4. The regulations stipulated that women should be given their rights of inheritance and inheritance, especially real estate.
5. A woman’s silence about claiming her right to inheritance does not mean that her right to be forfeited if she demands it.
6. The Personal Status Courts consider the request of marriage for those who do not have a guardian, and for those who had guardians, but their guardians prevented them from marrying.
7. The prohibition of adhar, which is the prevention of the marriage of a girl to the one who desires her, and shugar marriage, which is for the guardian to marry his female guardian to the person, provided that he marries his female guardian.
8. Confining and forcing a woman to marry someone she does not agree to and preventing her from marrying someone who meets the considered conditions is not permissible, and is forbidden by Sharia.
9. Fossilization is one of the pre-Islamic customs, and whoever insists on that, he will be punished with imprisonment and bail.
10. The waiting period for a woman whose marriage is annulled begins from the date of the ruling, and not from the date of ratification by the Court of Cassation.
11. Forcibly enforce the judgments issued regarding child custody and personal status, even if this leads to seeking the assistance of the competent force (the police).
12. The defendant is compulsorily attended if he fails to appear in marital matters, custody, alimony, and visitation, and if she is forced by her guardians.
13. Whoever refrains from executing a judgment of custody, guardianship or visitation shall be punished with imprisonment for a period not exceeding 3 months.