King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center in Riyadh was able to introduce and apply advanced treatment technology in the field of radiotherapy for cervical cancer, following the use of the latest internal radiotherapy device and treating the first case in the Kingdom with this technology for a 69-year-old woman.
A consultant radiotherapy oncologist at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center in Riyadh, Dr. Noha Jastinieh, explained that cervical cancer is among the first ten cancerous tumors that affect women in the Kingdom between the ages of thirty and sixty years, noting that about 80% of cervical cancer cases are diagnosed in An advanced stage of the disease, which means that the tumor has passed the cervix to nearby places in the woman’s body.
Dr. Noha Jastinieh emphasized that radiotherapy is the main treatment for cervical cancer and consists of two phases, whereby radiotherapy is given in the first stage, which aims to reduce the size of the tumor and eliminate cancer cells in the pelvic region through an external radiation source directed to the pelvic region. It is usually given in conjunction with chemotherapy, which in turn stimulates the response to radiation therapy, while in the second stage radiotherapy is given through a localized internal source and directed to the cervix and the remaining parts of the tumor with the aim of eliminating the tumor completely.
The consultant radiotherapy oncologist at King Faisal Specialist Hospital added that internal radiation therapy, or what is known as (brachytherapy), which is a localized treatment method in which a high concentration of radioactive materials is used and targets specific areas, is a very important part of the treatment and contributes greatly to raising the chances of success. Local tumor control and cancer cure.
Dr. Noha Jastinieh explained that internal radiotherapy consists of placing a modern device called (Medically called a Venetzia Applicator) consisting of a part placed inside the uterine cavity and vagina and an additional part consisting of needles in which the tissues adjacent to the uterus are implanted and fixed under general anesthesia and then Imaging of the tumor and the pelvic area is done using magnetic resonance imaging to determine the remaining tumor in the cervix in order to accurately calculate the dose of internal radiotherapy to eliminate the entire remnants of the tumor without exceeding the dose that can be borne from the neighboring healthy organs such as the bladder, rectum and others.
She indicated that the availability of these advanced therapeutic techniques at King Faisal Specialist Hospital, with the presence of the medical treating team qualified in the specialization of radiation therapy for tumors and the specialization of medical physics enhances the effectiveness and efficiency of the treatment system and achieves the best quality in eliminating these difficult cancerous tumors while reducing the likelihood and severity of side effects. Accompanying radiation therapy compared to previous treatment methods.