Since the first Nobel edition in 1901, 58 women have won prizes, representing 6.2% of the total of 934 winners (not counting the winning institutions), according to a database maintained by Agence France-Presse.
However, the percentage of female winners increased in recent decades: it reached 11.1% in 2010 and 9.2% in 2000, compared to 5.4% in 1900 and 2.6% in 1910 until it was non-existent in the 1950s.
Among the winners of the 2020 prizes are four women: French Emmanuel Charpantier (chemistry), American women Andrea Gies (physics), Jennifer Daoudna (chemistry), and Louise Gluck (literature).
These women represent 36.4% of the 11 winners this year (excluding the prize awarded to the World Food Program). The record number of prizes awarded to women (5 out of 13 winners, 38.5%) recorded in 2009 was not far-fetched.
The fact that three women won the Nobel Prize in Physics and Chemistry this year constituted a reversal by winning prizes in two of the most masculine fields: the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to four women out of the 216 winners in this field (1.9%), while the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was given to seven women out of 186. A winner in this field (3.8%).
At a time when Geese shared her prize with two men, Charpantier and Daoudna won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry alone. This is only the third time that this has happened in this field, after the coronation of the French-Polish Marie Curie and the British Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin who won the Nobel Prize in succession in 1911 and 1964.