While breeders of food-producing animals resort to excessive use of over-the-counter antibiotics in order to treat or increase the growth of farm animals, Associate Professor of Infectious Diseases and Vaccines, Dr. Abdulaziz Saleh Al-Awfi confirmed that some uncontrolled foods from meat and dairy products are contaminated with resistant bacteria or Antibiotics, and thus the recurrence of infection in humans.
Treating bacterial infections
Al-Awfi says: Antibiotics are one of the most important medical discoveries that occurred in the twentieth century, as these antibiotics contributed to saving the lives of millions of people and curing them from many incurable diseases. Antibiotics are important medicines that have a role in treating bacterial infections, preventing the spread of diseases and limiting Its serious complications.
Al-Awfi stated that the overuse and misuse of antibiotics are among the main factors that contribute to antibiotic resistance in humans and animals. As some countries, especially in low- and middle-income countries, it is easy for citizens to buy these antibiotics for humans or animals without a prescription, which worsens the situation, and causes an increase in the severity of the emergence and spread of drug resistance.
Causes of an increase in bacteria
Al-Awfi attributed the reasons for the increase of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and their repeated infections to humans to the fact that some uncontrolled foods of meat and dairy products are contaminated with resistant bacteria or antibiotics, and the main reason is due to the improper use of antibiotics in animals either for treatment or used with food in order to increase the growth of animals One of the reasons for the emergence of antibiotic-resistant microbes is the improper disposal of medical and veterinary waste, this may be a reason for polluting the environment with antibiotic residues, making it easier for antibiotic-resistant bacteria to develop and spread in the surrounding environment.
Among the most important recommendations of the World Health Organization regarding the use of antibiotics:
Do not overuse antibiotics in animals.
It recommends that farmers and animal and bird keepers not routinely use antibiotics to promote growth and prevent disease in healthy animals.
• The organization suggests that countries not use antibiotics classified as critical to human medicine for prevention and treatment in food-producing animals.