► Why does the formation of a government take so long?
Less than two weeks after the ceasefire was signed with Gaza, the Israeli political stalemate returned to the front page. The page of bombings, intercommunal violence and arrests barely turned, the political fight, this time, has started again, again offering the spectacle of endless negotiations between parties that are opposed to everything.
→ ANALYSIS. In Israel, the end of Benjamin Netanyahu draws near
After four Knesset elections that failed to achieve a majority, former journalist Yair Lapid had until midnight Wednesday, June 2 to try to form a government. A few hours before the ultimatum, this convinced layman was still struggling – with promises of ministries and presidencies of parliamentary committees – to constitute a motley “Coalition of change”, from the radical right to the Islamists, with a single slogan: end the Netanyahu era.
Judged for ” corruption “ in three cases, the person concerned takes advantage of a legal vagueness to remain in his post as prime minister and is ready to do anything for it. Worried about his last-ditch maneuvers, the newspaper Haaretz describes it as “A defendant without any restraint, ready to destroy any institution, to divide society, to circumvent any law or norm to remain in power”.
► Why talk about a crisis of confidence?
“We have reached the top of the possible schemes in a parliamentary system”, confirms Denis Charbit, professor of political science at the Open University. “In a single day, Bibi offered the post of prime minister to five leaders in the form of a rotation: without any substantive political agreement, and as if the post belonged to him. But this time it doesn’t work anymore. Even if he proposed to the 120 members of the Knesset to be prime minister for three days each, he has gone too far: no one believes him anymore. “
→ ANALYSIS. Reconstruction of Gaza: Can we help the Palestinian enclave without playing Hamas’s game?
In reality, the crisis of confidence in the Hebrew state goes far beyond the person of its thunderous prime minister. The recent violence between Jews and Palestinians, the drama that unfolded during the pilgrimage to Mount Meron, when more than 40 ultra-Orthodox Jews were trampled for lack of an adequate police force, testify to the deep fractures that cross the state Hebrew.
“Let us not forget either that Israel has been paralyzed for two years by the absence of a government and therefore of a budget., recalls political scientist Denis Charbit. Hundreds of appointments are blocked in all ministries while the post-coronavirus has to be managed. It is no longer a question of doing geopolitics or political politics: the Minister of Culture will have to say what he is doing for culture and the Minister of Transport in terms of transport. If it wants to get the country out of the crisis, the new government is doomed to achieve results. “
Isaac Herzog, son of president and now president
A few hours before the ultimatum to form a government, the Israeli Parliament elected, on Wednesday, June 2, Labor Isaac Herzog, 60, president of the State of Israel. Former leader of the Labor Party, chairman of the Jewish Agency, the son of Chaim Herzog, president of the Hebrew state from 1983 to 1993, was elected with 87 votes to 26 for Miriam Peretz, an educator with no experience in politics.