Charmille! This poetic word evokes the elegant practice of planting young charms one after the other. Lending themselves to the most severe pruning, they form the arbor, used for partitioning.
This hedge, pruned several times a year – in spring, in June, then in September being the ideal -, at the desired height, can be mastered at 15 or 20 cm thick, while, left free, the charm exceeds happily 5 m in all directions. Its marcescent foliage – in autumn the leaves turn brown, and remain on the tree until the appearance of new ones, in spring – protects from vis-à-vis, even in winter.
This technique dates from the XVIIe century, when landscapers created labyrinths and structured borders in formal gardens.
► Where to install an arbor?
Totally rustic, growing in all kinds of exposure, the charm has the qualities to form a beautiful hedge. Around the garden, of course, but also inside, to form greenery rooms, mark the children’s corner, protect the most fragile plants, hide the house nursery, serve as a windbreak. No need to have a large space to create a discreet, almost secret place where you take refuge to have a picnic, read, write …
→ READ. Advice to new gardeners for the second containment
The vegetable patch has become an ornament of the garden in its own right. For it to be elegant, taking care of its structure is essential. Partition it with an arbor, to cut to the desired height and thickness.
Depending on the use you intend for the arbor, it is sometimes wise to think about opening a door: 1 m or 1.20 m, to pass easily with the mower or a wheelbarrow, but also to encourage the walker to go and see what happens beyond. When the plants are mature, you can even carve an arch over the entrance or have fun cutting windows …
► When and how to implement it
It is possible to plant charms year round, if grown in a container, but bower means alignment, which corresponds to a number of plants. It is therefore much more economical to buy them bare root.
They are available between November and March, sold individually, or even in bundles. In addition to the pecuniary advantage, recovery is better when the vegetation is dormant, and follow-up after planting facilitated, thanks to the seasonal rains.
Plant young plants 50-60cm apart if you want a hedge inside the garden. To surround it, if you want a free hedge, keep them 1.50 to 1.80 m apart.
► The size
When you practice pruning, from the first year to flesh out the base, cut both in height and in thickness.
→ (RE) READ. Garden: a rigorous hedge, lined with fantasy
If you are patient, practice topiary, which consists of pruning, with shears, trees with imagination and aesthetics. Columns, spirals, tunnels, wave hedges, balls …