It would be too reductive
Member of Parliament for Val-d’Oise, ex-LREM, co-president of the New Democrats (Source A. Taché)
The answer is largely no. Even if the Rambouillet terrorist is Tunisian, and that other people who have committed recent attacks are foreigners, if we go back a little further in time, we see that there is above all, among the perpetrators, a majority of people born and raised in France. Conversely, we must obviously keep in mind that millions of immigrants live peacefully in our country. It would therefore be too reductive to say that immigration is the main cause of terrorism. And to assert that the problem can be solved by closing the borders, an avenue that would be illusory and ineffective.
I don’t think terrorism is linked to a cultural issue either. We are often dealing rather with a destructuring of the individual and his values, regardless of whether he comes from abroad or not. We can also observe a tendency towards radicalization in spheres other than Islamism, as we have recently seen in the survivalist movement.
If we really want to fight terrorism, we have to work more seriously on social cohesion, by strengthening the links between individuals and the Republic, either upon their arrival on the territory, or, for those born here, from school. . In the case of Rambouillet, we are dealing with a man who arrived in 2009 and was in an irregular situation for ten years. During all this time, he remained in a gray social and legal zone where he was neither integrated nor expelled. It was then regularized by seniority, as we do for thousands of people with whom we do not know what to do. Would he have had the same path if we had taken advantage of this time to give him access to French lessons, so that he was trained, so that he could hear about France? I don’t know, but you have to ask yourself the question.
Often people who are sensitive to this kind of propaganda have insufficiently armed knowledge or mentally fragile minds. Barbarism often arises from ignorance. At school, we must go further in teaching what is fact and what is belief. Young people must also be given the keys to this discernment, particularly in their use of new media.
Finally, there is obviously a coercive component. In the event of an act, it is necessary to quickly imprison those who are condemned and imprison them in specific units. But, as not everyone will be locked up for life, we must also invest more heavily in de-radicalization experiments in prisons. I think that we absolutely must give ourselves the means to identify more quickly on the Internet the speeches that can be dangerous and be able to produce counter-speeches adapted to these audiences.
Collected by Nathalie Birchem
The statistical link is irrefutable
Deputy Les Républicains and departmental councilor for the Alpes-Maritimes (Source: É. Ciotti)
If there is no such thing as zero risk in the face of terrorism, our response must be comprehensive: external operations, internal intelligence, criminal policy – there is an urgent need to establish security detention for terrorists leaving prison – and migration policy. . This last question is all the more important as the terrorist threat has changed. Yesterday, it was mainly exogenous, with attacks planned by international organizations. Today, it has become endogenous: Islamism and terrorism feed, in our own neighborhoods, communitarianism and immigration.
The government must finally get out of an angelic and naive vision in order to face reality: the statistical link between immigration and terrorism is irrefutable. Of the 42 terrorists who have struck France since 2015, 16 were foreigners and 26 were French, of which 5 had dual nationality.
The four deadly attacks over the past year have all involved foreigners: in Rambouillet, the killer was Tunisian; in Nice, the perpetrator of the attack on Notre-Dame basilica, in the heart of my constituency, was a Tunisian migrant in an irregular situation; on October 16, 2020, Samuel Paty was beheaded by a Chechen refugee; in April 2020, in Romans-sur-Isère, it was a Sudanese refugee.
Like crime and delinquency, where foreigners are over-represented, terrorism is also the consequence of an irresponsible migration policy. In 2019, we reached a new entry record with 276,000 residence permits granted to new arrivals and 127,000 first asylum applications. However, France has absolutely no capacity to integrate 400,000 people per year. To which must be added around 40,000 unaccompanied foreign minors and 500,000 illegal immigrants, 335,000 of whom benefit from State medical aid.
Since 2012, the Valls regularization circular has acted as a bonus for illegality. The Rambouillet terrorist lived clandestinely in France for ten years before being regularized in 2019, because he had a job as a delivery driver. Enough: anyone who enters France illegally must be expelled, not regularized!
It is by the will of the people, via a referendum, that we will be able to remove all the legal obstacles that have been set up against an effective and common sense migration policy: the irregularity of the stay must again become a crime; the obligations to leave French territory (OQTF) must indeed be accompanied by expulsions; foreign delinquents and criminals, as well as those registered in the file of alerts for the prevention of terrorist radicalization (FSPRT), must systematically be expelled.
Collected by Laurent de Boissieu