Assessment of the global average risk of a Salmonella typhi outbreak


The World Health Organization has assessed the risk of the spread of Salmonella typhimurium (Typhimurium) in the European Region and globally as medium risk, until information is available about the complete recall of the products that caused the outbreak.

And she indicated in a statement that the countries that have reported infections have a good ability to manage cases, and information on the severity of the disease is still limited.

The organization recommended adherence to preventive measures to prevent the spread of infection, washing hands with soap and water, especially after touching pets and going to the toilet, ensuring that food is cooked properly, avoiding ice and (ice cream) unless it is made of potable water, and washing vegetables and fruits well.

It also called on countries that do not have sufficient sequencing capabilities for Salmonella typhimurium to prepare and investigate antibiotic-resistant infections, especially those resistant to kanamycin / gentamicin, trimethoprim or cortimoxazole and chloramphenicol, and not to treat mild infections in healthy individuals with antibiotics to avoid the emergence of resistant strains that could lead to the emergence of resistant strains. Subsequently, the drug may not be effective, and severe cases may be treated with electrolyte replacement to supply electrolytes such as sodium, potassium and chloride ions lost through vomiting and diarrhea.

An international outbreak of antibiotic-resistant monophasic Salmonella typhi associated with chocolate products is currently being investigated, after more than 150 cases of infection among children under the age of ten were reported to the World Health Organization in 11 countries in Europe and the United States of America, and no deaths were reported, and linked Investigations: An outbreak of salmonella in milk tanks in a chocolate factory in Belgium that exported its products to 113 countries.

The International Food Safety Network issued a global alert to withdraw these products from the market, and according to the analyzes of the Health Security Agency in the United Kingdom, the strain that spread is resistant to six types of antibiotics, which are penicillin, aminoglycosides (streptomycin, tetracycline, spectinomycin, kanamycin and gentamycin), phenicol, sulfonamides, and trimethoprim.

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