8 thousand trees produce 1810 tons of “Khawlani coffee” annually in the Kingdom

In the spring of every year, the smell of “Khawlani coffee” begins to waft through the Sarawat Mountains, coinciding with the annual harvest season. The sounds of copper manual mills rise, and local roasters ignite in the homes of the people of Jazan, Al Baha and Asir in their mountainous provinces, and farmers race to display their crop.

Everyone celebrates the beautiful songs inspired by the folk life inherited since ancient times, and it translates the joy of the great farmer when he sees the fields covered with the plants he planted, and they are preparing for the stages of harvest and the seasons around him.

The Ministry of Environment, Water and Agriculture seeks to make 13 governorates in the southwestern part of the Kingdom an important source of coffee production, especially Khawlani coffee, which is distinguished by its quality over the rest of the species, and to raise the percentage of coffee production in the Kingdom in support of the national economy in accordance with the objectives of the Kingdom’s Vision 2030.

These days, farmers in the mountainous provinces in the southwestern part of the Kingdom began collecting the Khawlani coffee crop, or what is known as “green gold” or the pampered tree. And about 350 tons of pure coffee after peeling, and the number of coffee farms in them reached 2,535, and contained 398,000 coffee trees.

The number of coffee farms in the Jazan region is more than 1985 farms containing 340,000 coffee trees in the governorates of the mountainous revolving sector, Fafaa, Al-Aydabi, Harroub, Al-Raith and Al-Ardah. They produce about 1,320 tons annually, and 785 tons of pure coffee after peeling. his products.

Next comes the coffee farms in the mountainous governorates of the Asir region, where more than 300 farms containing 40,000 trees produce 200 tons of coffee, and 100 tons of pure coffee after peeling.

Then coffee farms in Al-Baha region, where coffee production amounted to 40 tons, and the amount of pure coffee after peeling was 20 tons for more than 250 coffee farms that contained 18 thousand coffee trees.

The Kingdom is classified as one of the world’s largest coffee consuming countries due to the high rate of coffee consumption per capita in Saudi Arabia. The annual quantities imported to the Saudi market are estimated at about 73,000 tons, and the average expenditure of Saudis on coffee preparation is more than one billion riyals, with a rate exceeding 80,000 tons.

The Ministry of Environment, Water and Agriculture has started investing “Al-Khulani” in the southwestern part of the Kingdom, which is characterized by its suitable climate for the cultivation of the most important varieties of coffee, which has proven to be successful under the conditions of the region.

The Ministry established a coffee research unit at the Agricultural Research Center in the Jazan region, with the aim of getting close to coffee growers and identifying the most prominent obstacles to its cultivation, and providing integrated solutions and information for product development, through holding scientific seminars on how to grow coffee and the need to provide water, fertilizer and the appropriate place to produce high quality .

An agreement was signed between the Kingdom and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) 2018 for reimbursable technical assistance to improve the coffee and mango strain.

It is noteworthy that the Kingdom is working on developing crops with a comparative advantage and exploiting renewable water (rainwater), with the aim of supporting crops with high economic returns, including coffee.


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