While the World Health Organization confirms that there are more than 1.5 billion people, or 24% of the world’s population, infected with parasitic worms, doctoral researcher specialized in parasites Noura Al-Qahtani explained that malaria, dengue fever, Rift Valley fever, leishmaniasis and schistosomiasis are among the most common diseases. It is transmitted by vectors and is most prevalent in Saudi Arabia.
Al-Qahtani indicated that there are many diseases caused by living organisms called parasites, which is a living organism that lives on or inside another living organism (the host).
And about the ways in which parasites enter the body, Al-Qahtani reported that they enter through the mouth or the skin. Parasites that enter through the mouth come through contaminating food and drink with eggs, and they can remain in the intestine or harbor in the intestinal wall and invade other organs. As for parasites that enter through the skin, they puncture the skin. Directly through the soles of the feet when a person walks barefoot, through the skin when a person swims or bathes in water containing parasites, or enters through the bites of infected insects.
Al-Qahtani stressed the importance of health awareness to prevent parasitic diseases through various media, pointing to some ways to prevent these diseases, most notably: peeling vegetables and fruits and washing them well, freezing and cooking meat well, and reducing eating fast food as much as possible.
Most vector-borne diseases in Saudi Arabia
rift valley fever