While arthropod-borne infections pose a medical and economic threat to humans and livestock, the results of a recent Saudi study published in (mdpi) magazine on camel ticks in the Makkah region revealed, where the study found the presence of many tick-specific and tick-borne viruses associated with serious diseases in humans. On some of them for the first time in the Arabian Peninsula, including the virus that causes Crimean fever and the Khorma virus.
Parasitologist Samia Al-Otaibi told Al-Watan: Ticks have spread tremendously in recent years, which requires us to know this organism and the damages accompanying its existence. It is considered an external parasite that parasitizes on humans, mammals and birds. Ticks parasitize and cause damage directly by absorbing the blood of the host or indirectly by transmitting pathogens, indicating that the statistics of the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2020 proved that 17% of infectious diseases are based on diseases transmitted by insect vectors such as mosquitoes and ticks, which lead to a rate of About 700,000 deaths annually.
Threatening a country’s economy
Al-Otaibi adds that ticks parasitize in the Middle East on livestock, threatening the economy of countries that depend on animal products for their nutrition, and ticks can be eliminated by spraying livestock with tick-specific pesticides, stressing the increase in studies in this field because of their benefit in raising awareness of the extent The danger of ticks and the necessary strategies to combat the spread of this pest.
Al-Otaibi indicated that ticks transmit a wide range of bacterial and viral diseases, the most important of which are Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease, Q fever and relapsing fever, and complications of these diseases include headache, high temperature, muscle pain and rash, adding that in the absence of treatment, the disease may spread to the joints and heart. and the central nervous system.
Possible tick symptoms
high body temperature;
Muscle and joint pain.
Headache and general fatigue.
Pain or swelling and numbness at the site of the injury.
Itching and redness in the affected area.
shortness of breath.